Agy and Tui

I just wanted to provide an update on Tui and Agy following my ask for assistance just over a month ago.

Most will remember that Agy and Tui arrived in the UK just before Christmas to enjoy the experience of a new country and play a bit of rugby! They arrived and fitted into the club straight away enjoying both the rugby and the off field activities. They did say they had never experienced such weather as it never seemed to stop raining. I did reassure them that it doesn’t normally rain this much and our grounds are never normally this wet! The latter might have been a small white lie!

The guys found work, rented a flat in town and were having a great time and then……. Covid-19 arrived. They were out of work, unable to travel and unable to play rugby. All this and nowhere near their families or homes.

I put a request out to ask for funds as they were experiencing hardship and we were trying to help to get them home whilst keeping them fed/watered with a roof over their head in the meantime. Many of you were very generous and supported the boys with both monies and food/drink. We kept the cash to one side and Stu Montgomery, Wicko and Jim got to work to try and get them home.

I have to say the boys were delighted with the support from the members and felt very much part of our community. After two bookings for flights home which did not fly Stu did eventually find them a flight that did go (via Qatar). They got back to NZ, completed their 14 day quarantine period and are now back home with their families. So a very happy ending for the two boys and hopefully we will welcome them back at some point in the future.

So thank you for your support which kept them fed, watered and got them home safely. Your support for their hardship is much appreciated by myself and the boys.

Mike

The TWRFC History Quiz

Work is underway to update photography around the club house – one of the things we want to reflect more is the clubs history.

That is where you come in – we’ve already found a number of images but the year they were taken remains a mystery. Do you recognise any players in these photographs, can you tell us the year they were taken?

In addition if you have any interesting photographs you think would look good on the wall at the club house please send any copies/scanned image to me at drewraine@hotmail.com

Coach development survey results

The two most popular times for those looking to do training are Monday and Wednesday evenings, with the weekend trailing behind.  From a club perspective, I am going to mainly target Monday evenings for our coach development.

Preferred time: 

  • Monday evening – 70% 
  • Wednesday evening – 57% 
  • Sunday AM – 40% 
  • Sat AM – 28%

We unsurprisingly lose coaches as the travel distance increases from Tun Wells. Anything we do in-club will generally be at St Mark’s, but I think the data shows that we retain enough coaches to make jointly sponsored courses with TJs and Sevenoaks viable (Especially as we would rotate venue for any jointly sponsored course). There is a slightly higher drop-off when not home at weekends, presumably as coaches have their kids with them at the club.

Attendance drop-off with distance (Monday evenings): 

  • Home – 68% (#2)
  • TJs – 61%
  • Sevenoaks – 43%
  • Further than Sevenoaks – 14%

In respect of the courses that TWRFC coaches are seeking to attend (filtered to exclude any non-age appropriate requests), there’s quite an even distribution of courses, with only the age-grade specific CPDs standing out from the pack.

I’ll use this data along with input from our DOR (Jim), Youth Chair (Laurence), Mini’s chair (Fat-Pants) to inform the requests we make of the RFU. I am also liasing with my counterparts at TJs and Sevenoaks to see if we can pool our demand for some jointly sponsored course requests.

Similarly there’s a pretty even distribution of interest in Technical Sessions ran internally. With the only clear outlier being handling (which was the focus of Simon’s last excellent session).

Notes: 
(#1) About 50% of the coaches completed the coach development survey
(#2) This is filtered to requests for age-appropriate CPDs – which is the discrepancy between 70% above, and the 68%.

Match report: TWRFC VETS 36: 5 MAIDSTONE VETS

With New Ash Green, Orpington and Vigo drawn in the league phase of the vets cup the vets were keen to get off to a winning start, and put the disappointment of last season behind them, with a friendly against Maidstone. It’s a crying shame then that nobody explained what the word ‘friendly’ means- to that hairy brutish jock, Mac the strife- or we might have ended the match with 15 on the pitch…and he wouldn’t have had to slink back to the clubhouse in disgrace, his bruised knuckles dragging along the ground. And all this after only 3 minutes of game time. Fortunately for him the red was renegotiated to yellow post match, thanks to the leniency of the ref, the sweetness of ale and the grace of the opposition 6 who, in fairness, was not exactly lily-white where the throwing of punches was concerned.

It also proved a low brow afternoon for Rainbow Rob Harrison who has clearly taken against agricultural pursuits during the summer break (perhaps a farmer turned him down?) and who therefore spent the entire game moaning at team mates who dropped the ball to ’stop shovelling shit’ His mood somewhat improved when he scored and by the end of the match, thank goodness, he seemed to have entirely gotten over his aversion to the passing on effluence. He was joined in his try scoring endeavour by the mercurial Beamo, the greedy Jake (who bagged two), Mr Charles Sleightholme, whose boot served us well all afternoon, and our very own Bilbo Baggins, Mr. Azurdia; standing in for Milo as team midget whilst the latter hitched a ride in Roger Clarke’s pocket to watch the ones play in Guernsey.

Up front Father Ed was back in action after a lengthy lay out. He not only lasted an entire half, leaning against the opposition scrum and causing huge problems simply by virtue of his weight, but also produced a perfect offload – picked up by a marauding Si Parsons which then led to a score. Prop Power! They were assisted in the front row by ten minute Tim McCabe, whose impromptu speeches stirred our souls, and the Methuselah of rugby old man Maynard. Nick Baldock was happy to add to this gorgeous assortment of bulk and heft so it was fortunate that a highly skilled back row of the ever niggardly Tiggy, the awkwardly lumpy Craney, the undeniably heroic yellowman and ever steady Zak, linking up with Rob, were on hand to make it to the break downs. Joking aside some of the link up play in the forwards was first rate with Craney’s impressive ball carrying leading him to be nominated as man of the match.

Not that the girlie backs were shirking. They ran some fabulous lines all afternoon keeping cool heads when playing under pressure. Nick Derbyshire and Charlie Hacker combined well in the centres and barely missed a tackle. Beamo marshalled them well from the back. Jake was a menace with the ball all afternoon ensuring the cocky reputation of scrum halves remains in tact. Steve Daley (happy birthday) and Andy Cunningham were reliable when called on and a great debut from Tim Mole ensured all left the field with heads held high. Indeed it was a great first game against an experience and decent Maidstone side. Bring on the tournament.

Finally a mention to the ref- our very own Croker. He not only red carded one of his own but ensured we knew the new rules by pinging us for every high tackle and every backchat. Not an easy task against the gabbiest of old boys. And so we all trooped back to the bar for a well earned chilli con carne and an excellent game of beer pong. The highlights of which were watching Pengelly taken apart with alcohol. And the suggestion that Mac should get but three grains of rice and a teaspoon of chilli to reflect the amount of work he did on the pitch! Good game, good guys, good banter, good beer pong session. Another good season is brewing for the vets….

Club shop update

Samurai have been managing the online store on the Club’s behalf for a season. During the last few months we’ve been looking into how to get the best experience from our relationship with Samurai, the conclusion of which is that we are asking them to hold too much bespoke TWRFC gear, and in some cases it makes sense to replace with core Samurai stock (explained below).

Our approach will be try and reduce the number of bespoke items we are using and holding stock for.

  • Where we really do need an ‘essential’ item to be bespoke (socks & playing shirts) – TWRFC will try to maintain a stock with Samurai.
  • Where we don’t really need an ‘essential’ item to be bespoke (shorts) – we will allow our stock to run-down and replace with a stock Samurai item.
  • Where an item is not ‘essential’ or there is not enough demand to hold stock (hoodies) – we will make these available to order via ‘order-windows’ (explained below).

Since we moved to Samurai – we still have some (assorted) stock left in the the St Marks’ club shop which we will be looking to sell if possible.. planning’s still under way, but a pop-up shop at the TJs game (30th Aug) and first-mini’s session (8th Sept) are likely.  If anybody is able to help with either please do get in touch (mcroker@gmail.com, 07770 936977).  The stock we have left to sell is generally some leisure items such as polo shirts, beanie hats, some umbrellas and also so rain-smocks, but not either shorts or socks.

Key changes

Item From
Youth playing shirts

Historically the youth section have had bespoke shirts with a different design for each age-group, and arrangement which has caused all sorts of logistical problems. These have not been available online.

Following the generosity of our youth sponsors (and some hard work by Andre and Simon) we are moving to a single shirt design across the entire youth section.  Even better – the sponsors have all committed to TWRFC for 3 years. More communication on this to come…

As the shirts are the same across the whole youth section – we will shortly be able to stock these online.

Socks

No change – these will remain ‘as is’

I have two batches on order – one of which has just arrived, but not yet been reflected in the online store (expect this next week – although the 1st team have grabbed a portion of the ‘L’s) and another one about 2-3 weeks behind.

Shorts

The cost/overhead of using bespoke shorts isn’t justified.

The residual TWRFC Bespoke White/Gold Trim Shorts will continue to be available through the online store whilst stocks last, but will not be replenished (the race is on to get the last 9 3XL shorts). We will replace with Samurai Stock Navy Shorts.

NB: If there’s enough demand for the white/gold trim shorts I will consider making these available via an order-window.

Blue/Pink Hoodies

I like these tops and intend to continue to make them available, but can’t justify the cost/overhead of holding stock for bespoke hoodies.  I will be allowing our stock of these to run-out and won’t be replenishing the online stock; instead these will be available using an order-window (explained below).

What’s an order-window?

Rather than holding stock of bespoke items, we can instead batch together your orders into an ‘order-window’.  We have done this before on a few occasions such as the chequered playing top, and it worked well. This provides a good compromise between making things available, and us having to hold the stock.  It also should help manage expectations of how long these items will take.

The way it works is that the bespoke items are added to the online store for a limited period of time (the ‘order-window).  At the end of the order-window, provided that the minimum order quantity has been met (usually 10 items) – the order will be batched together, manufactured and shipped to us.  Typically this will be 6-8 weeks from then end of the order-window.

Why? – Bespoke vs. Stock

The eagle-eyed may have noticed there are two types of item in the club shop:

  • Bespoke goods manufactured specifically for TWRFC: The can be identified by the tag “TONBRIDGE STOCK” and includes our custom hooped socks, the blue/pink hoodies, the match shorts with the white/gold trim and of course any playing tops.
  • Samurai stock goods which are customised with TWRFC logo: These can be identified by the tag “CORE STOCK” and includes pretty much anything else… blue hoodies, T-shirts, polo shirts, navy shorts, …

Bespoke goods are a bit of a pain – they have to be ordered by TWRFC in a minimum order quantity, and take 6-8 weeks to be manufactured and arrive into the online shop (compared with slightly over a week for the core stock).  Managing stock levels for core stock is also entirely Samurai’s responsibility (that’s not to say they never go out of stock – but it happens less frequently).

To try and make this a better experience for everybody the club (previously Michelle, now I) pre-orders some of the bespoke items and then holds them in stock at Samurai.  It’s a bit of a matter of guess-work, the club can’t afford to hold lots of excess kit and our demand is so ‘peaky’ that we sometime under/over order. Both under/over ordering cause issues – in one case the club ends up owning stock we can’t recover our costs from, and in the other goods people expected/need are not available for 6-8 weeks.

Wonga

Given I’m writing about Samurai – I also thought I’d answer a question raised at the AGM regarding what (if any) money the club makes from the online store.

The club does make a small amount of money on each item of clothing sold through the TWRFC club-shop – In return for appointing Samurai as our sole supplier of kit, Samurai give us a discount on all kit we order through them and also provide us a number of items free of charge (basically the first-team kit). Essentially our ‘slice’ is the difference between the online price and the club’s discounted price.

This isn’t a huge money spinner for us – and we try and keep TWRFC items at similar prices to those in the rest of the Samurai store (if you see an item that that isn’t the case for, please let me know).

Asterix gets his comeuppance

TWRFC vets 16- 66 Sevenoaks Vets

The year is 50 B.C. Gaul is entirely occupied by the Romans. Well, not entirely… One small village of indomitable Gauls still holds out against the invaders. Meaning life is not easy for the Sevenoaks legionaries garrison outside the fortified camp of St Marcus, Tunbridge Wells. 

“Oh bollocks”, said Geriatrix Maynard as he rose from post gym slumber and wiped dribble from his chin, “the senility of old age has caused mayhem recently.” And with that he picked up the magic cauldron, of vets rugby brilliance, and, mistaking it for his chamber pot, poured the contents down the latrine….

Later that day, as the Sevenoaks garrison strapped their sandals, chief vital statistix, aka Gobby G, called his tribe of rugby heroes together and spelt out his cunning and erudite plan. “Errr…Let’s beat Sevenoaks at rugby and..er…Eat fish… it makes me rich”. 

The tribe cheered as the cauldron was placed in the changing room. “It looks a different than usual”, noted Beamicus the speedy, but they ignored him and carried on cheering. At least most of did… for fat father Obelix was strangely absent; awaiting a ride from a limping French immigrant called Gregoire dirtytarticus. 

Addipem bracus, the big britches, stirred the pot afresh and handed a spoon of infamous brew to the assembled Gauls. “Ooh it tastes different but somehow familiar” said camp Rainbow the bard, as Hackeriticus, not a swallower, spat his on the floor. “No it tastes like shit” said Sedgicus Caesar who had much better food awaiting upstairs.

“It a disaster” screamed Chinese dave, the slave with freakish cartoon lips and rounded tummy, as they realised the potion was gone. Hughesicius, Darbyititus,Mac Macias and webbitus did weep. Big Baldockus rent his garments. Lance lancius smoked a fag. And all the gauls agreed it was a disaster indeed. The game was minutes away, the potion missing and only Geriatrix body fluids to feed them. 

At first it seemed the plucky Guals might just do it without as they matched the ferocity of the well drilled Sevenoaks garrison. Tiny Asterix Miles running through their legs and scoring under the posts to even things at 10-10. But soon the lack of that magic fluid took its toll as the oafish Sevenoaks men, seven of whom were playing ones last year, began to turn the screw. Only Severus Slattery smiled for he was secretly one of them. And nasty Rigbius for he truly is evil. 

Oh dear! It all got too much for Zakaria and Parsonica. The first raging at the referee in frustration, the second squealing to the crowd about the missing liquid. “Don’t just gawp bring on the water!!” Only Getafix Whiting kept his cool, strangely tranquil as ever, even offering himself to the foe as a makeshift human carpet. 

The final score was 16-66 and so the drama is now on for the legend of Gaul lies in ruins. Will the plucky veterans return to winning ways? Will they turn instead to anger and vitriol – as did nasty Wrattenicus who deserved his yellow card? Or will they fade to obscurity? Tune in next time for the next exciting chapter of Asterix gets his comeuppance- aka “how to take a right old stuffing from a stupidity good team” If only Timmy Ali had not left camp he might have saved the day with that mighty left hook…

TWRFC Mini’s Festival 2018

We are really looking forward to welcoming 110 teams from 14 different clubs to St Marks on the 18th November.

This is always one of the highlights of the year for the club as we see over 1000 players from Under 7 to Under 11 play on the lovely St Marks pitches.

We hope the day will be a shining example of the values of rugby: Teamwork; Respect; Enjoyment; Discipline; Sportsmanship.

It would be great to see as many Friends of TWRFC turn up and support the festival with your presence, cheering and support. We have lots of coffee shops, food outlets and rugby to enjoy. We even have the world famous chef “Laurence Taylor and the Under 12’s” on the Burger stand!

We are delighted to again be sponsored by our friends at Markerstudy Group this year. We are both key parts of the Tunbridge Wells community and this festival should be something the town will be proud of.

COYW

Mike

Youth Chair

                                                                       

 

Summer Ball

So I think we’ve just about recovered from what was a very lively and entertaining evening. Feedback from Martin Corry was that he had a great time and really good to catch up with lots of old faces. Pete Gould is still counting the cost of each glass of champagne that he drinks from his Jereboam that he won in the auction. Overall it seemed a great success and feedback has been fantastic. I’ve no doubt that we’ll look at doing it again next year and no doubt it will be bigger and better….For those that missed it, chat to those that went, no doubt you’ll come next year! A massive thanks to all that helped me organise and if we do it again, we’ll need a lot more helpers!!!

We have several more Social events coming up so keep an eye on the website!

 

COYW!!

Vets report: Cranbrook away (friendly)

Cranbrook Vets 10- TWRFC Vets 54

A reading from the (less than) sacred scriptures 

And it came to pass, in the second year of the reign of King Creesius the lusty, that the Lord God commanded the ancient men of Tunbridge to battle the heathen men of Cranbrook. For Cranbrook were an brutish and ungodly rabble unpleasing to the Lord. 

And so, verily, the men of Tunbridge wandered to that far and distant land; robed only in cloth of finest blue, provided by an strange man of hideous appearance whose loins were girded heavily as to maketh his pants seemeth fat. 

And, hark, a whistle blew and the Spirit of the Lord descended- so as to maketh them all keen unto a man. And they did take the fight to the heathen heartily, the Baldock running hard, his knees lifted high, his chest stuck out, until the breath runneth from his lungs and his rounded belly dragged upon the earth. And he was joined in the warrior pack by an assortment of blessed disciples; Milo, Tiggy, Craney, Gray, Fatpants, Kenners, Mac, Croker and an dodgy looking chinaman named Taz.

And these mighty men did battle hard, singing hymns of love unto the prophetess Emily, and did provide much ball to the glory of God. And they were inspired by the oldest amongst them, an ancient man whose years span eight and fifty, and Maynard is his name. And he is an miracle. And he also played the day before, despite his crumbling form, for the seconds. And he is an hero of the vets. 

And lo! A giant then appereath from amongst them, Andrew by name, of the tribe of the Northern of Irish, who smashed the heathen aside to put the first points on the scoreboard. And then did a fishy prophet of the Lord, one Bob-eye Jee, kick the conversion. And the Lord was mighty pleased. 

And the whistle bleweth again and the men of Tunbridge returned to battle. And lo! A pretty angel did appear in the backs, sent by God, and his face was brilliant white and his buttocks rounded and firm. And he did score an brilliant try by using a dummy, scissors and pop. And Beamooooo was his name. And Bob-eye Jee did converteth again and the men rejoiced heartily…for it was now 14-0. 

And Beamoooo was joined amongst the angel host by other fair beings of smooth face and effeminate nature. And their names were Hacker, Daley, Webster, Wratton, Derbyshire, and Hughes. And an angel that was fallen stood amongst them, an demonic and evil being, whose leg was deformed. And Riggers was his name. And he was an horrid abomination before the Lord. And the men of God turned their faces from him. And none would speak of him. 

At his command the enemy rallied and the heathen respondeth with an glorious try- straight from the kick off- the ball sailing into the hands of a winger to frustrate the will of the Lord. But the men of Tunbridge were not afraid for a midget did then rise up from amongst them. And the midget did score an third try. And the people of God asketh him to stand before them. And Milo was his name. And the Bob-eye Jee did kick once more and the Lord was mighty pleased. 

But lo! What awful play is this? An calamitous and embarrassing knock on from an hairy and brutish man, Mac, whose anger spilleth over and who did provide for the heathen many penalties with his loutish play and angry visage. But the problems were overcometh when a soldier of the Lord, fleet of foot, did outsmart the enemy on the flanks. And Wratton was his name. But the try was not given for an monstrously foolish and ignorant man, named Croker, did raise his flag and call for a line out. But the soldier of the Lord was not dismayed and scoreth again and this time it stood. And the Bob-eye Jee kicketh but this time the ball striketh the post and the Lord was displeased. And Riggers did laugh for he is evil. 

Now there stood on the field an crippled man whose arm the Lord had healed; an copper man, strong of back but wonky of eye. And he did stand behind the pack to play scrum half for his healing was so recent. And Tiggy was his name. And he did try a fancy boxed kick and verily did make himself look like an arse. And riggers did laugh at his misfortune, for he is a vile and evil being, and wants to return at 9. 

And there was on that field of play also an greedy man who did run mazily through the heathen hoard to score under the post in the second half. And Charlie Hacker was his name. And he did convert his own try for the fishy prophet, Bob-eye Jee, was taking a breather. And the Tiggy also scoreth an try and the Hacker kicketh that also. 

And behold! The Bob-eye Jee did return to battle and was tackled naughtily by heathen swine. And the fury of the Lord possessed him and he did breathe mightily through is nose, red of face and awful stroppy. And he did smash his opposite man and whinge a plenty. And the heathen laughed at him and scored another try in return. 

And the battle drew to a close and the Lord proclaimed his delight in them all. And the men of Tunbridge did stay for a beer and also won the drink off. And then did they travel to the home of the fishy prophet, Bob-eye Je, for a festival of sausage cooked on a brazier of silver. And the men enjoyed their ‘bit of sausage’ and danced into the night. And two disciples of the Lord, Tiggy and Laurence, did attempt to entertain them all with gripping tales of a constabulary nature which sent them all to sleep.

And the Lord looked down on the mighty vets that day and saw that they were good. And he proclaimed this a year of jubilee and commanded them to go forth into the world of Kent and claim a cup of finest gold…the season has begun. 

Here endeth the lesson. 

What makes a stud legal?

As a regular ref I am increasingly seeing in the youth game (and to a lessor extent senior game) with players arriving for games in studs that are not legal and/or safe to play in.

As a ref, I hate it – My choice being to enforce the (entirely reasonable) letter of the law and not permit the player to take place in a game, or overlook it – and potentially take a degree of personal liability for permitting a player to take to the field in studs I know to be illegal (under Law 4).

The purpose of this blog – is to help parents (& players) make an informed decision and purchase legal rugby boots.

The RFU has published guidance on studs as part of their FAQ on player welfare, which states “Blades and studs are currently both acceptable as footwear for rugby (as long as they comply with the IRB regulations below). There is not currently a kite mark for rugby boots; manufacturers self certify their studs or blades against regulation 12 to check that they cause no more damage than traditional studs.”

In general if you are purchasing a boot advertised as a rugby boot from a reputable manufacturer/outlet you are probably OK. If it is advertised as a football boot – more checks are required. The final responsibility is with the players to ensure that they play in safe boots.

LAW 4 deals with players’ clothing – which includes footwear.

4.1. All items of clothing must comply with World Rugby Regulation 12.

4.3(j). Additional items are permitted. These are: Studs, including those of moulded rubber, on the soles of their boots.

4.5 A player may not wear:

b.Any sharp or abrasive item.

g. Any item that is normally permitted in law but, in the referee’s opinion, is liable to cause injury.

4.6 The referee has power to decide at any time, before or during the match, that part of a player’s clothing is dangerous or illegal. If the referee decides that clothing is dangerous or illegal the referee must order the player to remove it. The player must not take part in the match until the items of clothing are removed.

6.4 The match officials must inspect the players’ clothing and studs for conformity to Law 4.

Studs/cleats of player’s boots must conform with World Rugby Specifications (Regulation 12).

Conical or cylindrical stud

The key requirements are:

  • Must not be longer than 21 mm
  • Must not have any burring or sharp edges
  • At least 10mm diameter at the end
  • All edges of the studs/cleats should be finished smooth and rounded to a radius of not less than 1mm.
  • Must be made of a material that maintains these characteristics through the game (Nylon has been found previously not to be a suitable material due to its propensity to burring)

Note: There is no allowance for any differences based on age or boot-size. This photo is of my 5-year old’s (size 13) boot, demonstrating that even tiny boots can fit a legal stud  (and yes – I  have stolen the idea from someone on rugbyrefs.com and added a 10mm spanner to my kit bag).

 

Blades and non-cylindrical studs

The standard effectively is that…

  • The shape and dimensions of other stud/cleat designs should be such that they present a no greater risk of injury to another player than the stud/cleat shown in figure 1.
  • The plan view cross-sectional contact area of the stud/cleat shown in Figure 1 at a plane 2 mm below the tip is 78 mm2. Other studs/cleats having the same or greater contact area might be expected to give satisfactory performance dependent on minimum stud/cleat width in any direction.
  • All edges of the studs/cleats should be finished smooth and rounded to a radius of not less than 1mm.

Clearly this requirement is much vaguer – and at pitch-side is a judgement call.  I run my hands over the boots and see if feels sharper less/comfortable then a conventional stud (although by the time I have run my hands over a whole teams boots – they all feel pretty uncomfortable).

Some examples

Disclaimer – This list was compiled based on the images presented and is intended to be illustrative – it is not a definitive ‘approval’ of a particular boot type, or a recommendation or endorsement of any product.  In many cases studs can be replaced so an illegal boot could be made legal through stud replacements and visa-versa.  It is still your responsibility to confirm your studs/boots are legal…

It is thankless duty of the ref. to interpret this (somewhat vague) guidance on the day. I also fully reserve my right to deem a boot at legal/illegal on the day based on the boot’s actual characteristics. You can also expect a degree of variance in interpretation between refs.

Conical studs

1. Legal (provided no sharp edges or burring).  These are the defacto standard – against which all others are measured. 2. Probably illegal – the studs look like they might not be:

  • >= 10mm diameter at the end
  • Suitably rounded (the end is ‘flattened-off’)
3. Legal (provided they are 1cm at the end and do not have any sharp-edges or burring). Nothing requires the stud to be of a single material. 4. Possibly illegal – although the end is of sufficient diameter it looks to have a non-rounded edge at the tip.  The requirement for a conical stud is a radius of >= 1mm.  I would test these with my hand to see if I consider them to pose a greater danger than those illustrated in fig. 1.

Blades studs..

These are far more subjective – and each referee is likely to base their judgement on the ‘feel’ of each individual boot. My advice would be to go with conical moulded studs or specifically search for boots marketed as rugby boots.

5.Legal (provided >=10mm diameter, no sharp edges or burring). 6. Probably Legal (& Sold by Lovel as Rugby boots) provided that there are no sharp edges and burring. 7.Hard to call – The cross-area of each  seems less than ‘standard’ and the design could have sharp angles. 8.Potentially illegal  – The cross-area of these seems less than ‘standard’ and the design has a possibility of sharp angles.